Psoriasis is a chronic (long-term), non-contagious, inflammatory skin disorder. It usually appears as small or large salmon-pink coloured plaques or lesions, with large silvery scales attached that flake off. It is common on the [...]


The word 'dermatitis' means inflammation of the skin. The terms ‘dermatitis’ and ‘eczema’ are synonymous. The word ‘eczema’ comes from the Greek for ‘boiling’ and refers to the tiny vesicles (bubbles) that are often [...]


Acne is a skin disorder that affects the sebaceous glands (acne vulgaris) and/or the underlying blood vessels (rosacea) of the skin. Sebaceous glands are cells full of lipid called sebum. Sebum is discharged by [...]


Tinea is a contagious fungal infection caused by one of three types of fungi – trichophyton, microsporum or epidermophyton. The course of the disease depends on the site and strain of the fungus involved. [...]


Folliculitis is characterised by inflammation of hair follicles and can occur anywhere on the body where there is hair. Folliculitis can be triggered by bacterial, fungal or parasitic infection, specific medications, topical agents, immunosuppression [...]

Hair Loss

Normal hair growth and hair loss occurs in a 3-phase cycle: Anagen (2-6 years) - active growth phase; nourishment of hair follicle via blood supply enables hair growth Catagen (1-2 weeks) - transition phase; [...]

Nail Conditions

Nail conditions commonly occur in patients with other skin conditions because they are also epithelial (skin) cells. The distal part of the fingers and toes are protected by plates of hard, keratinised epithelial cells, [...]


Candida infections result from the overgrowth of the fungal bacteria Candida albicans. It can occur at any age. The presentation and course of the disease depends on the site of the body involved. Fungal infections [...]


Miliaria or heat rash results from the plugging or rupture of sweat ducts in hot, humid climates. It can occur at any age and is common in over-clothed infants. It can present as Miliaria crystalline [...]


Ichthyosis is the collective name for a group of genetic disorders of keratinisation of the skin. The normal skin shedding process is disrupted resulting in dry, rough skin with marked scaling as a feature. The [...]

Pityriasis Rosea

Pityriasis rosea is a common skin disorder mainly affecting children and young adults in winter. Pityriasis rosea can be mistaken for psoriasis because of the salmon plaques that appear, mainly on the trunk. It is [...]