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Candida infections result from the overgrowth of the fungal bacteria Candida albicans. It can occur at any age. The presentation and course of the disease depends on the site of the body involved. Fungal infections are contagious thus quick resolution of the condition is important.
Candida albicans is an opportunistic bacteria that can affect anyone, but has been linked to some predisposing factors.
Causes or Triggers
Candida is linked to obesity, maceration, immobility, diabetes, pregnancy, the use of antibiotics, and the use of the contraceptive pill. Immuno-compromised individuals are at higher risk of candida overgrowth. Candida loves moist places to growth so is commonly found in the mouth, genitals, armpits and body folds. Sugar feeds candida thus people with overgrowth commonly crave sugary foods.
Types of Candida
Oral candidiasis occurs in the mouth and appears as white plaques on the mucous membranes in the mouth and on the tongue. Candidiasis may produce sore red areas under dentures.
Candida intertrigo occurs most commonly in body folds – under the breasts, in the armpits and groin, but can also occur between the fingers in people whose hands are often in water.
Genital candidiasis commonly occurs in the vulva of the vagina is usually sore and itchy with a whitish discharge. It can extend to the groin folds. Men can contract genital candidiasis under the foreskin and in the groin. Conjugal spread is common. Diabetes, pregnancy and antibiotics are common predisposing factors.
Infants and children can experience candida overgrowth in the groin area following antibiotic therapy. It presents as a very red bottom with a ‘leading edge’ synonymous with fungal infections. They may also experience oral candidiasis.
Chronic paronychia can be caused by overgrowth of Candida, Proteus or Pseudomonas species of bacteria. Inflammation of the skin around the fingernail or toenail occurs, sometimes with infection of the pulp of the fingertip. The cuticle may be lost and the nail becomes discoloured and ridged.
Candida overgrowth can be painful, itchy and unsightly. Quick resolution of this fungal condition is crucial because it is contagious and opportunistic.
At Auckland Skin Clinic safe, topical agents are used to soothe and support healthy skin, while microbiotic balance, underlying infections, hormonal, dietary, environmental and lifestyle triggers are identified and addressed.
At Auckland Skin Clinic, we’re aware that having a chronic skin disorder can be very frustrating, embarrassing and depressing. We are also aware that it often requires some major effort on your part to change your habits and adopt a healthy lifestyle. We do our best to ensure your emotional wellbeing is supported throughout this process.